UNCTAD15 can help jump-start world economy, says Uhuru
President Uhuru Kenyatta has said the ongoing United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD15) can help jump-start the struggling world economy from the ravages of COVID-19.
He urged countries to utilise the conference to agree on trade and development interventions that support diversification, improved financing and revitalization of multilateralism so as to achieve inclusive shared prosperity.
“This Conference, the UNCTAD15, provides all of us a platform to put development back on track by focusing on (i) transforming economies through diversification, (ii) fostering more sustainable and resilient economies; (iii) improving the way development is financed; (iv) and revitalizing multilateralism to achieve a sustainable, inclusive, and digital world of shared prosperity,” President Kenyatta said.
The President’s message was contained in a pre-recorded video address delivered on Monday night at the opening session of this year’s hybrid UNCTAD15 conference being hosted by the Caribbean state of Barbados.
He rallied countries to leverage on established global frameworks such as the Addis Ababa Financing for Development Conference, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on climate change as well as UNCTAD14’s outcomes to accelerate post-COVID-19 socioeconomic recovery.
“As I have demonstrated, UNCTAD has played an important role in supporting the implementation of UNCTAD14 commitments. The role will become even more critical in the next four years.
“Implementation of this agenda will take place in the context of major global challenges that have become even, more pronounced, since UNCTAD14,” President Kenyatta said.
He made a case for a functional multilateral system saying the challenges being experienced currently cannot be addressed by a single government or agency, and pointed out that the unprecedented socioeconomic decline caused by Covid-19 had widened global inequalities and aggravated vulnerabilities of developing countries.
“It has reversed or stalled progress on implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, rendering millions of people to lose their lives as well as livelihoods, and many have fallen back into extreme poverty.
“As tax revenues have dipped due to the contraction of economic activities, and the increase in the debt burden, the fiscal space to provide a safety net to vulnerable groups in many of our countries has, equally been significantly constrained,” the President said.
He pointed out that Covid-19 had exposed the frailties of the multilateral system which said continues to face mounting pressure as a result of trading tensions and rising economic nationalism.
“The inequality in the sharing of vaccines reflects a multilateral system that is deeply flawed. To date, recovery has been unbalanced reflecting faulty lines that existed before the pandemic. There have been substantial differences in GDP growth between regions and countries, and a sharp divergence in income gains, amongst social groups,” the President said.
In his opening address, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said it will be impossible for the world to fully recover from the ravages of Covid-19 unless developed countries become commit to the production and fair distribution of adequate vaccines to ensure 70 percent of the world adult population is fully vaccinated by June next year.
“Dear friends — an uneven recovery is leaving much of humanity behind. And until we get serious about vaccine equity, recovery will be stuck at the starting gate. Wealthy countries have far more vaccines than their people. Yet more than 90 percent of Africans have yet to receive their first dose. This is an outrage,” the UN boss said.
As part of post-COVID-19 recovery, Mr Guteress told wealthy nations to address challenges of debt distress, lack of investments, unfair trade and climate change facing developing nations so as to ensure the world attains its dream of shared prosperity.
“I see four glaring challenges, which if not addressed, make any notion of prosperity for all a distant dream. Debt distress, systems starved for investment, unfair trade, and a climate emergency that leaves small island developing states like Barbados perilously vulnerable,” Mr Guteress said.